Here are a few interesting facts about diabetes and it’s penetration throughout the world.

  • There is NO CURE for diabetes
  • Adopting a healthy diet and increasing physical activity can reduce the development of Type 2 Diabetes by upto 80%
  • Type 2 diabetes is increasing in pandemic proportions in every country

Global

  • In 2014, 387 million people (8.3%) worldwide were affected by diabetes and 316 million people (6.9%) were affected by Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT). 
  • In 2035 the numbers are expected to rise to 592 million (10.1%) for diabetes and 471 million (8%) for IGT by 2035.
  • 77% of people with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries
  • The greatest number of people with diabetes are between 40 and 59 years of age
  • 179 million people with diabetes are undiagnosed
  • Diabetes caused 5.1 million deaths in 2013; Every six seconds a person dies from diabetes
  • More than 79,000 children developed type 1 diabetes in 2013
  • More than 21 million live births were affected by diabetes during pregnancy in 2013
  • 50% or more of people with diabetes die of cardio vascular disease, heart and strokes.
  • 12.5 million people develop blindness each year due to diabetes
  • 1Diabetes is responsible for over 1 million amputations each year.
  • 120% of people with diabetes die of renal failure.
  • 1More than 2.5 million people worldwide are affected by diabetic retinopathy.

Regional 

  • In Africa, 5.1% or 22 million persons have diabetes while 76% of deaths due to diabetes are in people under the age of 60.
  • Europe has the highest prevalence of type 1 diabetes in children.
  • In the Middle East and North Africa, 1 in 10 adults has diabetes – 35 million.
  • More was spent on healthcare for diabetes in North America and the Caribbean than in any other region.
  • In South and Central America, the number of people with diabetes will increase by 60% by 2035.
  • In South-East Asia, 75 million persons live with diabetes while more than 50% of persons are unaware that they have diabetes. 
  • In the Western Pacific, 138 million adults have diabetes with the largest number 98.4 million from China.

National

Over 20 years;

  • 2010 - Rural 8.7% ; Urban 16.4% overall 10.3% = 2.1 million – Katulanda et al.
  • Dysglycaemia [ prediabetes and diabetes] 21.8% = 4.3 million – Katulanda et al.
  • 100 persons die of diabetes and heart disease daily – 30% of all cause deaths.

Diabrisk-SL: Urban young  under 5-40 yrs [ 2008-2013]

  • 23%  - 2 or more risk factors.
  • Risk factors identified :- Pysical inactivity 39%, > waist 31.7%, , Familly Histoty 26.2%, > BMI 20.9%
  • At baseline Dysglycaemia<20 yrs  - 8.2%; >20 yrs - 22.1% Overall -15.3%
  • Persons with 2 or more risk factors were followed up for 4 years with Intensive Lifestyle modification - results 
  • relative risk reduction [RRR] of new onset T2DM - 26%
  • RRR of newonset of IGT - 18%
  • > 50% regression from Prediabetes to normoglycaemia

Screening Packages

Standard Screening Package

Includes FBS / Lipid Profile / HbA1c / Serum creatinine /Urine Albumin/Urine Sugar / Urine albumin creatine ratio / ECG /Eye check including fundal photography / Neuropathy Assessment / Full physical assessment / Doctor’s Consultation

Executive Screening Package

Includes FBS / Lipid Profile / HbA1c / Liver Profile / Renal Profile / ECG / Eye check including fundal photography / Neuropathy Assessment / Full physical assessment / Doctor’s Consultation