Here are a few interesting facts about diabetes and it’s penetration throughout the world.
- There is NO CURE for diabetes
- Adopting a healthy diet and increasing physical activity can reduce the development of Type 2 Diabetes by upto 80%
- Type 2 diabetes is increasing in pandemic proportions in every country
- In 2014, 387 million people (8.3%) worldwide were affected by diabetes and 316 million people (6.9%) were affected by Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT).
- In 2035 the numbers are expected to rise to 592 million (10.1%) for diabetes and 471 million (8%) for IGT by 2035.
- 77% of people with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries
- The greatest number of people with diabetes are between 40 and 59 years of age
- 179 million people with diabetes are undiagnosed
- Diabetes caused 5.1 million deaths in 2013; Every six seconds a person dies from diabetes
- More than 79,000 children developed type 1 diabetes in 2013
- More than 21 million live births were affected by diabetes during pregnancy in 2013
- 50% or more of people with diabetes die of cardio vascular disease, heart and strokes.
- 12.5 million people develop blindness each year due to diabetes
- 1Diabetes is responsible for over 1 million amputations each year.
- 120% of people with diabetes die of renal failure.
- 1More than 2.5 million people worldwide are affected by diabetic retinopathy.
- In Africa, 5.1% or 22 million persons have diabetes while 76% of deaths due to diabetes are in people under the age of 60.
- Europe has the highest prevalence of type 1 diabetes in children.
- In the Middle East and North Africa, 1 in 10 adults has diabetes – 35 million.
- More was spent on healthcare for diabetes in North America and the Caribbean than in any other region.
- In South and Central America, the number of people with diabetes will increase by 60% by 2035.
- In South-East Asia, 75 million persons live with diabetes while more than 50% of persons are unaware that they have diabetes.
- In the Western Pacific, 138 million adults have diabetes with the largest number 98.4 million from China.
Over 20 years;
- 2010 - Rural 8.7% ; Urban 16.4% overall 10.3% = 2.1 million – Katulanda et al.
- Dysglycaemia [ prediabetes and diabetes] 21.8% = 4.3 million – Katulanda et al.
- 100 persons die of diabetes and heart disease daily – 30% of all cause deaths.
Diabrisk-SL: Urban young under 5-40 yrs [ 2008-2013]
- 23% - 2 or more risk factors.
- Risk factors identified :- Pysical inactivity 39%, > waist 31.7%, , Familly Histoty 26.2%, > BMI 20.9%
- At baseline Dysglycaemia<20 yrs - 8.2%; >20 yrs - 22.1% Overall -15.3%
- Persons with 2 or more risk factors were followed up for 4 years with Intensive Lifestyle modification - results
- relative risk reduction [RRR] of new onset T2DM - 26%
- RRR of newonset of IGT - 18%
- > 50% regression from Prediabetes to normoglycaemia